Descendants of Jonas Jenkins

Compiled and Submitted by Arlene Chissom

Please contact the submitter with questions or comments.


Generation 3


3.  JONAS TOLIVER3 JENKINS, SR. (SAMUAL2, JONAS1) was born 1772 in Shenandoah County, Virginia, and died 1856 in Bryson City, Charlestown Township Swain County, North Carolina.  He met (1) JANE (JEANIE) BRICKEY, daughter of JOHN BRICKEY and MARY GARNER.  She was born 1772, and died in Cocke County, Tennessee.  He met (2) MARY ELIZABETH (BETSY) BRICKEY Bef. 9 January 1798 in Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, daughter of JEANIE BRICKEY.  She was born 17 July 1774 in Botetourt County, Virginia, and died January 1828.  He married (3) ANN (POLLY) WILLIAMS 9 January 1798 in Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia.  She was born 1774 in Shenandoah County, Virginia, and died Aft. 1850 in Macon County, North Carolina.



White settlement in areas lying along the Oconaluftee and Tukaseegee Rivers, within the borders of present Swain Count, began soon after the Cherokee Indian cessation of 1798.  The remainder of the land now belonging to Swain County was surrendered by the Cherokees in the Treaty of February 27, 1819.  However, it was not until the North Carolina General Assembly on March, 1871 was held that an act was passed by the state legislature, ratifying Swain as a new county.  Swain was formed from Jackson and Macon Counties.  It was named in honor of David L. Swain, Governor of North Carolina and resident of the University of North Carolina.  It is the western section of the state and is bounded by the state of Tennessee and Haywood, Jackson, Macon and Graham Counties in North Carolina.  The present land area if 525.66 square miles and th 1990 population was 11,268.  The first court was ordered to be held at Cold Spring Meeting House.  Special commissioners were named to select a site for the courthouse, provided all the commissioners could agree on a certain place.  If they could not agree, the county commissioners were to submit the question of selecting a place to the voters.  The county commissioners were to lay out a town by the name of Charleston which was to be the county seat.  In 1889, the name Charleston was changed to Bryson City in honor of Colonel Thad Dillard Byrson.  Bryson City is the current county seat.  Swain County, North Carolina was the birth place of my father, William Joseph Welch, October 20, 1883.  (from William R. Welch, 9/2002)


   Almost nothing is known of the early life of Jonas except that he was born in Shenandoah County, Virginia of Welsh and Scotch-Irish heritage. Jonas had red hair, blue eyes, and a bad temper

  Jonas was married to Polly Williams, but fathered children with Jeannie BRICKEY and her daughter Elizabeth "Betsy" BRICKEY.  Jonas ran a legal distillery of whiskey and brandy, and the BRICKEY ladies were employees of his.  Betsy died at the birth of her son, Peter, in 1828.

  The  marriage on January 9, 1798 to Polly Ann was signed by Jane Jenkins, Ann's guardian.  It may be assumed that her parents were dead by the time of their marriage because the marriage bond names Jane Jenkins as guardian in the place of Ann's parent's name. Upon their union Jonas and Ann migrated to East Tennessee, possibly settling in Cocke County. Shortly after marrying, Jonas and Polly migrated to East Tennessee where remained until after 1810.

  During the War of 1812, Jonas Jenkins enlisted in James Allen's Company, Col. Bunch's Regiment of the East Tennessee Militia.  He was mustered into service at Knoxville on January 10, 1814, however on the 27th of the month he was furloughed due to sickness and did not return to duty.

  Afterwards, Jonas returned with his family to Shenandoah County and remained until 1821.  Within this year they again journeyed south and settled this time  on the other side of the Great Smoky Mountains in Haywood County, North Carolina.  He purchased in 1821, l50 acres on Shoal Creek, a tributary of Soco Creek.  His tracts, on the Indian line, was in the realm relinquished by the Cherokee government two years earlier in the Treaty of 1819.  Jonas was situated as a neighbor among the Indians who chose to remain in the valley rather than remove to the receded Cherokee territory.

   Jonas Jenkins, Sr. first appears in Haywood County, North Carolina about 1823 and was settled in Soco Valley by 1828.  In that year, he bought a one-hundred acre track of land on the north side of Soco Creek. Later in 1828, he bought several tracks of land on the south side of the creek from Abraham Enloe, the man some historians claim is the actual father of Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the United States. Jonas and his three sons owned over a thousand acres of land along Soco Creek.  Over one-hundred and fifty years later, the area north of the creek is still recorded on the U.S. Geological Survey maps as Jenkins Ridge.

  In 1830, Jonas Jenkins was granted by patent 100 acres on Soco Creek and soon after followed additional grants of land on both sides of Soco. His sons, Nathan, Jonas Jr. and John, purchased adjoining tracts until their farms together exceeded a thousand acres.  Jonas was active in the county's civic concerns, being summoned numerous times through the years to serve jury duty at

Waynesville; and to aid in the surveying and opening of roads.  One of many such court assignments appears to be work on what is now Highway 19.

       Ordered by court that Jonas Jenkins be overseer of the public road Top of the mountain

       from the Soco Creek  to Jonas Jenkins' and that all the working hands who live on

       Soco Creek and its waters from the mouth of Swearing Jim Mill Creek including both forks

       and all their waters work under said overseer.  5th October 1826. --Minutes of Haywood County

       Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Book 3,   p. 110.

   A peculiar domestic situation developed with Jonas while living in Soco Valley.  Having received a licence from the county to sell Spiritous Liquors at his dwelling house, he allowed a woman by the name of Jane or Jennie Brickey to live at his still house and work for him.  By her he bore two sons; and sired one son by her daughter, Elizabeth (Betsy). Elizabeth Brickey died after delivering her child.  Jane Brickey took charge of him with her own two sons until in a matter of years  an apparent confrontation drove her away. Her eldest son, Thomas, is reported to have related in late age how his mother told him she was going to hunt the cows on the mountain when she was last seen.  He said she was wiping her eyes with her apron as she went and she repeatedly turned and looked back on them.

   Jonas and his three sons (Nathan, Jonas, Jr. & John) eventually owned over a thousand acres of land along Soco Creek.  Over one hundred and seventy years later the area north of the creek is still recorded on U. S. Geological Survey maps as Jenkins Ridge.

   In 1838, Jonas Jenkins sold his remaining tracts on Soco Creek to William H. Thomas, agent for the Qualla Cherokees, who supposedly was buying land for the Indians allowed to remain   during the 1838, removal of the Cherokee Nation.  The family's farms, two miles west of Quallatown, eventually reverted back to the Cherokees after 1870, with the establishment of the Qualla Boundary.  Their former holdings left a legacy on the land with Jenkins Creek, Jenkins Divide (or ridge), and Jonas' Fields.

  Moving a few miles west in 1838, Jonas and his sons settled on the Tuckasegee River at the present Jenkins Branch,  one mile west of what is now Bryson City.  In 1840, Jonas entered a grant for one hundred acres on the south bank of the river along the   boundary of the former Big Bear Reservation in Macon (now Swain) County.  In time he accumulated about five hundred acres in this vicinity.  Jonas Jenkins remained on record until 1856 when he sold some of his tracts to his sons, Charles and Thomas.  He died in that year or shortly afterwards, about the age of 84.  It is believed he and his wife Polly are buried in the Henry Jenkins Cemetery located on a hilltop west of Jenkins Branch on the north side of Highway 19.

   References: Age and birthplace per 1850 Census Macon Co. NC, p. 348; B.M. Ashby, "Shenandoah County Virginia Marriage Bonds"; military service per N/A  M602 Roll 110; Confederate service per N/A

Record Group  109; Census:  1820 Shenandoah Co, VVA,   p. 28; 1830 Haywood Co,NC p.380; 1840 Macon Co. p. 156; 1850 Macon Co. p. 348.

JENKINS- Gary Claude Jenkins, l983     Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 82-094133

The above is attributed to the great research of Gary Jenkins of Ft. Oglethorpe, GA.

   North Carolina Volunteers participating in the Indian Removal: Thomas Angel Company - Jonas Jenkins



Burial: Swain County, North Carolina, Arlington Cemetery



The Brickey family may have been Huguenot in origin.  It is said that they descended from one John Brickey who emigrated from France in 1680.



Ann Williams marriage bond was signed by Jane Jenkins, who was her guradian at the time.



5.                i.    THOMAS4 JENKINS, b. 9 December 1826, Haywood County, North Carolina; d. Aft. 1888, Graham County, North Carolina.

6.               ii.    CHARLES (DOCK) JENKINS, b. 16 May 1829, Macon County, North Carolina; d. 20 January 1915, Bryson City, Swain County, North Carolina.




7.              iii.    PETER ANDREW4 JENKINS, b. 13 January 1828, Haywood County, North Carolina; d. 12 December 1912, Haywood County, North Carolina.




8.              iv.    NATHAN4 JENKINS, b. 1793, Tennessee; d. Aft. 1860, Jackson County, North Carolina.

                  v.    MARY JENKINS, b. 10 February 1801, Scott County, Virginia.

9.              vi.    JONAS TOLIVER JENKINS, JR., b. 1803, East Tennessee; d. 17 April 1871, Cherokee County, North Carolina.

10.           vii.    JOHN S. JENKINS, b. 1805, Tennessee; d. 1874, Jackson County, North Carolina.

               viii.    ALPHA JENKINS, b. 22 March 1805, Newport, Cocke County, Tennessee.

                  ix.    WASHINGTON CHARLES JENKINS, b. 1810, Haywood County, North Carolina.

                   x.    WILLIAM N. JENKINS, b. 1812.

11.             xi.    NANCY JENKINS, b. 16 November 1814, Tennessee; d. 1925.

                 xii.    JAMES JENKINS, b. November 1827, North Carolina.

                xiii.    ELIJAH J. (LIDGE) JENKINS, b. 1828, North Carolina.



4.  ENOCH K.3 JENKINS (SAMUAL2, JONAS1) was born 1782.  He married LUCY CAVE 2 January 1815. 



12.              i.    MATILDA4 JENKINS, b. 1811.

Generation 2

Generation 4