The American Civil War came to LookoutValley for the first time in 1862
with a minor skirmish on Patten Chapel Road or Smith Hill as it was
called in those days. However, the major battle that was fought in LookoutValley was in the fall of 1863.
major battle that took place in LookoutValley was after the Union defeat
at the Battle of Chickamauga; many Union Regiments went into the surrounding
areas of Chattanooga and engaged many Confederate
Regiments. These skirmishes also occurred in the areas around the Lookout Valley
Community. They include the areas of the Wauhatchie Railroad Tunnel, Wauhatchie
Station, and Browns Ferry.
On the 26th of
October 1863, Union General Ulysses S.
Grant who later became the Eighteenth President of the United States telegraphed Lincoln about occupying the city of Chattanooga, “We will hold it till we
starve.” That day in October Grant opened the famous “Cracker Line
Operation” across the Tennessee River into LookoutValley. Meanwhile, Union General
Joseph Hooker with three of his divisions marched up from BridgeportAlabama through LookoutValley onto present day Brown’s Ferry Road.
At on October 27th a
Union Division crossed the Tennessee River on pontoons around Moccasin
Bend in the direction towards the Old Post Road (Brown’s Ferry). Union
General Geary’s Division at the Wauhatchie Station halted on the railroad
tracks to protect the line of communications from the South as well as
Kelley’s Ferry Road. Observing the Union
movements on the days of the 27th and 28th Confederate
General James Longstreet and Braxton Bragg they to tried their luck by having a
surprise night attack on Wauhatchie Station. Although the attack was scheduled
for a start on the night of the 28th
chaos and confusion delayed the attack for another two hours. At , stunned by the attack,
Geary’s Division took a stand at the Wauhatchie
and formed a V-Shape Battle Line.
Hearing the reverberation gunfire and cannons of General Hooker who was
at Brown’s Ferry, sent Union Major Otis Howard and two of his divisions to
Wauhatchie Station as reinforcements. The Battle of Wauhatchie only lasted two
days but many young men lost their lives in and around LookoutValley. The battle ended with
neither a success nor loss for the Confederates or the Union. Confederate Losses were 34
killed, 305 wounded, and 69 missing. The Union losses were 78 killed, 327
wounded, and 15 missing.
A few side notes to the Battles for Wauhatchie: some of the Union
Regiments who fought in the battle were veterans of the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1-3, 1863. Also, Moses Veale, Captain, Company F, 109th Pennsylvania Infantry who fought in the Battle
of Wauhatchie received the Congressional Medal of Honor on January 17, 1894,
who fought after his horse was shot underneath him. He also had four gunshot
wounds. Furthermore, Captain Veale was the writer of the poem “Taps.”
Wauhatchie Pike in an 1863 Photograph
Walker Painting “The Battle of LookoutMountain”
Two of the Three Civil War Monuments in LookoutValley
Sadly the third was destroyed by vandals.
Parker Lane near Cummings Bottom
Sometime around the late 1800s a portion of our community was changed
from LookoutValley to Tiftonia in Honor of John
Tift, who was a politician that lived in the area for many years. John Tift came
into the community from Tifton, Georgia.